States (Stranded II)
States are status affects which can be good or bad or anything in between, they can affect a wide variety of entities.
What they do vary vastly from doing nothing, to adding visual effects, to causing the player to lose or gain health or speed. They can be caused by many means from eating items to giving or receiving attacks, or they can even be scripted to appears.
A list of states in Stranded II can be found here.